Heavy Ion Physics

The study of relativistic heavy-ion collisions is very important and necessary part of the LHC research program which is at CERN. This type of emerging field of research focuses on the study of matter under extreme conditions of temperature, pressure and density.To recreate conditions which are similar to those of the very early universe, powerful accelerators make the head-on collisions between massive ions  such as lead or gold nuclei. In these heavy-ion collisions there are many hundreds of protons and also  the hundreds of  neutrons and they smash almost into one another at the energies of upwards of a few trillion electron volts. This forms a miniscule fireball so that everything melts into a quark-gluon plasma.

Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider is one of the only two operating heavy-ion colliders and also the only spin-polarized proton collider in the nuclear physics of any particle with one or more units of electric charge and a mass. Many special types of accelerators that are capable of producing fairly intense and high-energy beams of heavy ions which are only used in basic research as in the production of synthetic elements.  The rate at which a radioactive element decays is expressed in terms of its half-life and the time required for one and half of any given quantity of the isotope. Most of the atom is of  empty space and the rest consists of a positively charged nucleus which consists of protons and neutrons surrounded by a cloud of negatively charged electrons. The nucleus is very tiny when compared with the electrons and are the lightest charged particles in nature. Electrons are only attracted to any of the positive charge by their electric force in an atom.

  • Collisions
  • Collider Physics
  • Relativistic Boltzmann theory
  • Viscous hydrodynamics
  • Conversation of charge,energy and momentum

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Heavy Ion Physics Conference Speakers

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