HIV/AIDS, STDs & STIs - testing

Many of STIs have no signs or symptoms in the majority of people infected. Or they have mild signs that can be easily overlooked. This is why the term “disease” (as in STD) is starting to be replaced by infection (or STI). STDs may be detected during a physical exam; through Pap smears; and in tests of blood, urine, and genital and anal secretions.

Sexually active men and women may be at risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). The risk of contracting an STD is directly linked to the number of sexual partners the individual or his/her partner(s) have had. It is estimated that more than 20 percent of individuals with more than one sexual partner have an STD. Risk is extremely low for a couple that has only had intimate contact (genital/genital, oral/genital, anal/genital, finger/vaginal/anal) with each other and has never had any form of intimate sexual contact with others. Consistent condom use significantly reduces the risk of exposure to many sexually transmitted infections.

  • Factors affecting morbidity
  • Gonorrhea and Chlamydia
  • Genital Herpes
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Syphilis
  • Bacterial Vaginosis
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Viral Hepatitis
  • During Pregnancy
  • Pap test
  • HPV test
  • Physical examination
  • anal secretions-test
  • blood test
  • urine test
  • genital test
  • genital warts
  • swab tests of blood urine & genitals

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