HIV and cardiovascular disease

Human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals are at increased risk for CVD. Timely initiation of ART with consequent viral suppression is likely to reduce CVD events and to offset potential side effects from ART-induced metabolic changes. Reduction in smoking in HIV-infected individuals is a public health priority. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes a group of problems related to the heart (cardio) or to blood vessels (vascular.) CVD coronary heart disease (heart attacks), angina (chest pain from lack of blood to the heart ), cerebrovascular disease (problems with blood vessels in the brain, including stroke), high blood pressure (hypertension), peripheral artery disease (blocked blood vessels in the legs), rheumatic heart disease (a complication of a throat infection), congenital heart disease (due to a birth defect) and heart failure.

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