HIV Diagnosis and Therapy

HIV infection represents a spectrum of disease that can begin with a brief acute retroviral syndrome that typically transitions to a multiyear chronic and clinically latent illness. Without treatment, this illness eventually progresses to a symptomatic, life-threatening immunodeficiency disease known as AIDS. In untreated patients, the time between HIV infection and the development of AIDS varies, ranging from a few months to many years with an estimated median time of approximately 11 years (123). HIV replication is present during all stages of the infection and progressively depletes CD4 lymphocytes, which are critical for maintenance of effective immune function. When the CD4 cell count falls below 200 cells/μL, patients are at high risk for life-threatening AIDS-defining opportunistic infections (e.g., Pneumocystis pneumonia, Toxoplasma gondii encephalitis, disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex disease, tuberculosis, and bacterial pneumonia). In the absence of treatment, virtually all HIV-infected persons will die of AIDS. Your health-care provider can diagnose HIV by testing blood for the presence of antibodies (disease-fighting proteins) to HIV. It may take HIV antibodies as long as six months after infection to be produced in quantities large enough to show up in standard blood tests. For that reason, make sure to talk to your health-care provider about follow-up testing.

  • New therapeutic approaches
  • Immunotoxins and immune-based therapies for target reservoirs of HIV-infected cells
  • Therapeutic antibodies, gene switches, and enzymes
  • Anti-retroviral therapies and associated complications
  • Qualitative and quantitative, HIV-2 testing, nucleic acid-based tests (NAT)
  • Serologic and nucleic acid amplification
  • Window period, ELISA, western blot, rapid or point-of-care tests
  • HIV testing and counselling

Related Conference of HIV Diagnosis and Therapy

HIV Diagnosis and Therapy Conference Speakers