HIV & Other Emerging Viruses affecting Afro-Asian Continents

Due to the widespread infection of HCV and demand for these enhanced treatments, multiple estimates forecast the global market for HCV treatment will reach $20 billion yearly before the decade's get over.

Hepatitis is a medical condition defined by the inflammation of the liver and characterized by the presence of inflammatory cells in the tissue of the organ. Hepatitis A is an intense irresistible infection of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus. Hepatitis B is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) which affects the liver. It can cause both intense and chronic infections. HCV is spread primarily by blood-to-blood contact connected with intravenous drug use, inadequately cleaned therapeutic gear, and transfusions.

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).AIDS is a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. Without treatment, average survival time after infection with HIV is estimated to be 9 to 11 years, depending on the HIV subtype. Infection with HIV occurs by the transfer of blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-ejaculate, or breast milk. Within these bodily fluids, HIV is present as both free virus particles and virus within infected immune cells.
 
HIV infects vital cells in the human immune system such as helper T cells (specifically CD4+ T cells), macrophages, and dendritic cells. HIV infection leads to low levels of CD4+ T cells through a number of mechanisms, including pyroptosis of abortively infected T cells,apoptosis of uninfected bystander cells,direct viral killing of infected cells, and killing of infected CD4+ T cells by CD8 cytotoxic lymphocytes that recognize infected cells.When CD4+ T cell numbers decline below a critical level, cell-mediated immunity is lost, and the body becomes progressively more susceptible to opportunistic infections.
  • HIV Associated Diseases
  • HIV and retroviral transmission and prevention
  • Influenza Viruses
  • Viral meningitis
  • Filoviruses-Ebola virus & Westnile Viruses
  • Herpes & Pox Viruses
  • Virus Receptors & Viral Entry
  • Oncovirus.
  • Polio virus
  • Severe acute respiratory syndrome
  • Corona Viruses
  • Swine flu outbreak,Prevention & Treatment
  • HPV & Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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