Hydraulic Fracturing

Hydraulic Fracturing is the process of pumping fluid into a wellbore at an injection rate that is too high for the formation to accept without breaking. During injection the resistance to flow in the formation increases, the pressure in the wellbore increases to a value called the break-down pressure that is the sum of the in-situ compressive stress and the strength of the formation. Once the formation “breaks down,” a fracture is formed, and the injected fluid flows through it. From a limited group of active perforations, ideally a single, vertical fracture is created that propagates in two "wings" being 180° apart and identical in shape and size. In naturally fractured or cleated formations, it is possible that multiple fractures are created and/or the two wings evolve in a tree-like pattern with increasing number of branches away from the injection point

  • Increase the flow rate of oil from low-permeability reservoirs
  • Increase the flow rate of oil from wells that have been damaged
  • Connect the natural fractures in formation to the wellbore
  • Decrease the pressure drop around the well to minimize sand production
  • Enhance gravel-packing sand placement

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Hydraulic Fracturing Conference Speakers