Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism

The thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone, leading to fatigue, constipation, dry skin, and depression. The underactive gland can cause slowed development in children. Some types of hypothyroidism are present at birth. Hypothyroidism can be treated with levothyroxine. The dose is adjusted according to symptoms and normalization of the thyroxine and TSH levels. Thyroid medication is safe in pregnancy. While a certain amount of dietary iodine is important, excessive amounts can worsen certain types of hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are the most common disorders of endocrine system which is caused either due to the over production of thyroid hormone or due to the less production of thyroid hormone. Hypothyroidism is also known as low thyroid or underactive thyroid which is caused due to the less production of thyroid hormone. Hyperthyroidism is caused due to the excess production of the thyroid hormone which is known as thyrotoxicosis. Most common symptoms of the hypothyroidism include less intolerance towards cold conditions, feeling giddy and tired, weight gain, constipation, mood swings. It is also detected by a disorder called goiter which is swelling of the front region of the neck. Hyperthyroidism symptoms include weakness of nerves and muscles, fast heart rate, poor tolerance towards heat, thyroid gland enlargement, which us known as graves disease,weight gain. Hyper and hypothyroidism are vice versa towards each other. Hyperthyroidism can be gtreated with levothyroxine. Which is induced to normal the levels of TSH. The treatment options of hyperthyroidism includes the oral radioiodine therapy, medications, and thyroid surgery

  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hashimoto’s disease
  • Grave’s disease
  • Goiter
  • Treatment and medication
  • Thyroid disorder

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