Immunological Aspects of Microbiology

Our body’s immunity is a system of various structures of biological methods and processes of an organism that protects us from various infections and high rated diseases.  For the normal functionality of the immune system in our body it must try and detect various bacterial agents so that the body’s system does not fall prey to it against parasitic worms, viruses etc. but very importantly one must note that our immune system must be able to detect the bad from the good as there is an off chance of it eating away our healthy tissues. It is also duly noted that as the course of evolution takes place even pathogens have evolved rapidly and adapt to different environments and they are able to neutralise and avoid detection at any cost from our body’s immune system.
 
Thus many forms of defence mechanisms have also evolved in order to neutralise antigens of various pathogens. Simple unicellular organisms like bacteria are also known to possess a non – fully formed immune system. This is done by forming enzymes that help in protecting bacteriophage type infections. The many defence mechanisms taken up by the body against different infectious diseases present in the eukaryotes are mechanisms like antimicrobial peptides which are known as defensins, phagocytosis, etc. Vertebrates that possess a jaw including us,- humans are known to have an advanced and highly evolved immune system when compared to plants or animals this is because during the course of evolution and tasting different foods, genetic codes, etc. our body has learnt to recognise a certain and specific type of pathogens more effectively. Disorders caused by the immune system are called as autoimmune diseases. They include cancer, inflammation, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosis, among others.
 
Related Conferences: 
 
Euro-Global Microbiology Conference, July 14-15, 2016, Cologne, Germany; International Conference on Water Microbiology & Novel Technologies- July 18-20, 2016 Chicago, USA; 5th Global Microbiologists Annual meeting -August 15-17, 2016 Portland, USA; 2nd world congress on Beneficial Microbe -September 23-25, 2016 Phoenix, USA; Microbial Physiology conference- September 29-30, 2016; London, UK; Infectious Diseases Conference- Oct 3-5, 2016 Vancouver, Canada; Clinical Microbiology Conference- October 24-26, 2016 Rome, Italy; 7th World Congress and Expo on Applied Microbiology, November 10-12, 2016 Istanbul, Turkey
 
Immunology is the study of the immune system, which is responsible for protecting the body from foreign cells such as viruses, bacteria and parasites. Immune system cells called T and B lymphocytes identify and destroy these invaders. The lymphocytes usually recognize and ignore the body’s own tissue (a condition called immunological self-tolerance), but certain autoimmune disorders trigger a malfunction in the immune response causing an attack on the body’s own cells due to a loss of immune tolerance.
 
Market Capitalization of Immunological companies: In 2014, investors provided $3.3 billion into firms that are developing drugs for brain-destroying or psychiatric illnesses. Some big drug companies, including Johnson & Johnson, Roche and Novartis, are finding ways to reinvigorate their efforts.
  • Immunological techniques
  • Immune regulation
  • Immunological aspects of infection
  • Immunological aspects of skin diseases
  • Immunology of HIV infections

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