Implant/Transplant Surgeries

Biomechanics is widely used in orthopedic industry to design orthopedic implants for human joints, dental parts, external fixations and other medical purposes. Biotribology is a very important part of it. It is a study of the performance and function of biomaterials used for orthopedic implants. It plays a vital role to improve the design and produce successful biomaterials for medical and clinical purposes. One such example is in tissue engineered cartilage. Biomaterials can be derived either from nature or synthesized in the laboratory using a variety of chemical approaches utilizing metallic components, polymers, composite materials or ceramic. It is often used and/or adapted for a medical application and thus comprises whole or part of a living structure or biomedical device. It performs augments or replaces a natural function. Such functions may be benign, like being used for a heart valve, or may be bioactive with a more interactive functionality such as hydroxyl-apatite coated with hip implants. For example, a construct with impregnated pharmaceutical products can be placed into the body, which permits the prolonged release of a drug over an extended period of time. A biomaterial may also be an auto graft, allograft or xenograft used as a transplant material. Biomaterials are also used every day in dental applications, surgery and drug delivery system. Biomaterials can be defined as inorganic or organic materials that are biocompatible and can be implanted in the human body to replace or repair failing tissue. Biomaterials do not have to be living or once living materials however. They can be of synthetic origin as well. For example-shunts and pacemakers are both considered biomaterials. Biomaterials used to either bypass clogged arteries or provide new pathways for the circulatory system. They tend to have the advantage of remaining sound and not disintegrating. However, since they are not living, such shunts placed in children may be outgrown and require replacement. Other common biomaterials are used in plastic surgery applications. Calf, breast, cheek, chin, and buttocks implants are all considered to be biomaterials. Occasionally, plastic surgeons will harvest either fat or skin from a patient’s body to be used in another part of a body. Skin grafts are frequently used to cover scarring, and are most helpful in covering large areas of burned skin, which tends not to regenerate new skin tissue.
  • Soft Tissues and Ligament Implants
  • Bone Implants
  • Organ Regeneration and Tissue Engineering: Scaffold, Cells and Regulators
  • Computer Assisted Surgery
  • Biomechanics of Soft Tissues
  • Tissue Engineering
  • Bone Remodelling

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Implant/Transplant Surgeries Conference Speakers

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