Industrial Toxicology

Industrial toxicology is the investigation of the toxicity of chemicals found at the work place. Occupational toxicologists assess the hazards and risks to health posed by chemicals encountered in the workplace. Occupational toxicologists must understand the potential toxicity (hazard) posed by a substance. They must then assess the risks to human health in specific occupational settings, considering the level duration and route of exposure and any other factors that influence the way that workers handle the substance. To evaluate the risks of adverse health effects from chemicals, one must be aware of the routes of entry into the body, duration of exposure, toxicity of the chemical, exposure limits, and odor threshold of the chemical. This section explains these principles and describes how employees can eliminate or reduce chemical exposure in the workplace.


Industrial toxicology draws from industrial hygiene, epidemiology, occupational medicine, and regulatory toxicology. Application of principles and methodology of toxicology to prevention of adverse health effects from work environment in workers. The industrial toxicologist plays a vital role in developing a wide range of effective and safe products including petrochemicals, medicines, pesticides, cosmetics, food and drink and household products.

  • Biological monitoring
  • Toxicity of heavy metals
  • Industrial chemicals
  • Invitro toxicity testing
  • Exposure, effect, and susceptibility of biomarkers
  • Toxicokinetic models
  • Carcinogen risk assessment
  • Carcinogen risk characterization
  • Hazard identification
  • Qualitative carcinogenic risk (hazard) identification
  • Chemical substance control
  • Genetic toxicity assessment
  • Genetic determinants of toxic response
  • Genetic toxicology
  • Cellular injury and cellular death
  • Target organ and critical effects
  • Toxicokinetics

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