Infection Prevention and Control in Animals and Plants

Animal infections/ zoonosis are important threat to human health since the emergence of human diseases is dominated by zoonotic pathogens. Infectious diseases affect livestock and also wild animals focusing on characterizing the conditions for the pathogen spread and maintenance in the host population. Plant pathology is the study of diseases in plants caused by pathogens and environmental conditions. Organisms that cause infectious diseases include fungi, oomycetes, bacteria, viruses, viroids, virus like organisms, phytoplasmas, protozoa, nematodes and parasitic plants. Plant pathology also involves the study of pathogen identification, disease etiology, disease cycles, economic impact, plant disease epidemiology, plant disease resistance, how plant diseases affect humans and animals, pathosystem genetics and management of plant diseases.

Animal infections/ zoonosis are caused by a range of infections causing pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites. Diseases can be directly transmitted through air, bites, saliva and they are also transmitted through an intermediate species commonly called as vectors which carry disease causing pathogens without getting infected. Infectious diseases in plants are caused by fungi, oomycetes, bacteria, viruses, nematodes, protozoa and even parasitic plants. Plant infectious diseases are caused due to exotic pathogens, endemic pathogens and due to intentional dissemination of pathogens by perpetrators wishing to cause harm. Most commonly these diseases are observed on staple crops. Pathogens attack all types of plants including plants cultivated for ornamental purposes and those in natural ecosystems such as forests and rangelands.

  • Diseases causing microbes in animals
  • Parasitic diseases in animals
  • Clostridial diseases
  • Transmission of infections by animals
  • African swine fever
  • Rabies
  • Phytopathology
  • Pathogen survival and dispersal of plant parasites
  • Epidemiology
  • Biological control agents
  • Modelling of infections in plants

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