Interventional Cardiology

Interventional cardiology is a branch of cardiology with one to two years of additional education and training in diagnosing and treating cardiovascular disease as well as congenital (present at birth) and structural heart conditions through catheter-based procedures such as angioplasty and stenting that deals specifically with the catheter based treatment of structural heart diseases. The event that began the revolution in cardiology was the performance of coronary interventions by Andreas Gruentzig in 1977. It is a non-surgical option which uses a catheter – a small, flexible tube – to repair damaged or weakened vessels, narrowed arteries, or other affected parts of the heart structure. The interventional cardiology or radiology procedures are generally less invasive than traditional surgery. In most cases, these procedures require only one small incision for insertion of the catheter. Most of the patients do not require general anesthesia and some operation can take as few as 30 minutes to perform and avoidance of the scars and pain, and long post-operative recovery. Interventional Cardiology procedure involves small incision in the arm or groin and threads a catheter into a blood vessel. The catheter is then guided through the blood vessel to the heart and also a collapsed stent is placed over the balloon at the tip of the catheter. When the balloon inflates, the stent pops open and reinforces the artery walls. The balloon and catheter are then withdrawn and the stent remains permanently. Coronary intervention has not fully matured. Stents with three components (metal, polymer, and drug) have been highly successful. The dream has in part been realized by the development of completely bioresorbable stents. The procedures of today may seem crude in the distant future there are dreams that remain to be realized. Others have not yet been dreamed.

  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Angioplasty/Percutaneous coronary intervention
  • Stent procedure
  • Percutaneous valve repair
  • Embolic protection
  • Balloon valvuloplasty
  • Atherectomy
  • Coronary thrombectomy
  • Peripheral Arterial Diseases

Related Conference of Interventional Cardiology

Interventional Cardiology Conference Speakers