Keratoconus

Keratoconus is a non-inflammatory eye condition in which the normally round dome-shaped cornea progressively thins causing a cone-like bulge to develop. This results in significant visual impairment. It is not a common eye disease, but it is by no means rare. Keratoconus is generally first diagnosed in young people at puberty or in their late teen’s. The exact cause of keratoconus is unknown. There are many theories based on research and its association with other conditions such as allergies and genetic causes however, no one theory explains it all and it may be caused by a combination of things. Corneal crosslinking is a new treatment option under investigation to halt the progression of keratoconus. In severe cases, a corneal transplant may be needed due to scarring, extreme thinning or contact lens intolerance. This is a surgical procedure that replaces the keratoconus cornea with healthy donor tissue. the weakening of the corneal tissue that leads to keratoconus may be due to an imbalance of enzymes within the cornea. This imbalance makes the cornea more susceptible to oxidative damage from compounds called free radicals, causing it to weaken and bulge forward.

  • Corneal cross-linking (CXL)
  • Custom soft contact lenses
  • Hybrid contact lenses
  • Intacs
  • Corneal transplant

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Keratoconus Conference Speakers

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