Machine Tool Operation

Machine tool operators are machinists who use lathes, milling machines, grinders, CNC machining centres’ and other machine tools to cut metal to precise shapes and sizes.  During and after machining operations, machine tool operators use precision measuring instruments, such as micrometres and gauges, to inspect and make sure the parts are machined to the specifications required.

TYPES OF METAL CUTTING TOOLS:-  It is used to remove material from the work piece by means of shear deformation. Cutting may be accomplished by single-point, multipoint tools or form tools. Single-point tools are used to remove material by means of one cutting edge.  

MATERIALS OF METAL CUTTING TOOLS :- To produce quality product, a cutting tool must have three characteristics:

• Hardness: hardness and strength at high temperatures.

• Toughness: so that tools do not chip or fracture.

• Wear resistance: having acceptable tool life before needing to be replaced

HEAT IN METAL CUTTING AND ITS MEASUREMENT:- - In metal cutting, the heat generated on the cutting tool is important for the performance of the tool and quality of the work piece. Maximum heat is generated on the tool –chip interface during machining. The machining can be improved by the knowledge of cutting temperature on the tool.   

For measuring of this temperatures generated in the cutting zone, several methods have been developed. Calorimetric method, thermocouple method, infrared photographic technique, thermal paints and PVD technique are some of them. 

  • Types of metal cutting tools
  • Design of tools
  • Heat in metal cutting and its measurement
  • Tool engineering
  • CAD/CAM/CIM, FMS and NC/CNC Machining 
  • Nontraditional machining processes – USM, AJM, WJM, EDM and Wire cut EDM, LBM, EBM, PAM, CHM, ECM

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