Medicinal Inception of Drugs involving Phytochemical Pharmacy

Phytochemistry or plant chemistry is an interdisciplinary department between natural products chemistry, botany and pharmacy, which deals with biochemistry, isolation, investigation, characterization, microscopy and structure elucidation of plant constituents (phytochemicals) and plant dyes and, inter alia, the usefulness of these compounds considered in terms of medical applications. The phytochemicals present in plants are responsible for preventing disease and promoting health have been studied extensively to establish their efficacy African Pharmaceutical Conference and to understand the underlying mechanism of their action. Such studies have included identification and isolation of the chemical components, establishment of their biological potency both by in vitro and in vivo studies in experimental animals and through epidemiological and clinical-case control studies in man. Adulterations spoil the crude drugs.

Without specific knowledge of their cellular actions or mechanisms, phytochemicals have been considered possible drugs for millennia. For example, Hippocrates may have prescribed willow tree leaves to abate fever. Salicin, having anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties, was originally extracted from the bark of the white willow tree and later synthetically produced to become the staple, over-the-counter drug aspirin.

Specific phytochemicals, such as fermentable dietary fibers, are allowed limited health claims by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

  • Classification of Crude Drugs
  • Evaluation of Crude Drugs
  • Macroscopy of Crude Drugs
  • Microscopy of Crude Drugs
  • Adulterations

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