Membrane Processes

Selective barrier and it allows some things to pass through but stops others such things may be molecules, ions, or other small particles are called Membrane. The uses of Membrane covers all engineering approaches for with the help of permeable membranes the transport of substances between two fractions. In prevalent, mechanical separation processes for separating gaseous or liquid streams use membrane technology. There are four types of membrane filtration process classifications are Microfiltration, Ultrafiltration, Nanofiltration and Reverseosmosis. Membrane biochemistry processes cover a group of separation processes in which the characteristics of a membrane (porosity, selectivity, electric charge) are used to separate the components of a suspension or a solution. In these processes the feed stream is split into two, the fraction that permeates through the membrane called the Permeate and the fraction containing the components that have not been transported through the membrane usually called the Retentate.The size of the components to be separated and magnitude and the nature of the driving force provide criteria for a classification of the membrane separation processes. It should be noted that the boundaries between some of the processes, such as Ultrafiltration and Reverse osmosis are arbitrary.


  • Membrane shapes and flow geometries
  • Photosynthetic Chromatophore
  • Membrane Separation Processes
  • Mass transfer and configuration
  • Fouling Control and Mitigation
  • Pore size and Selectivity

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