Microbial Association-Microbial Interactions

Biological interactions are the effects that the organisms in a community have on one another. There are completely different kinds of microbial interactions which in-corporates interaction with different microbes, Plant-Germ interactions promoting plant growth, interaction with animals, interaction with humans, and interaction with water, etc.
Microbial interactions are ubiquitous, diverse, critically important in the function of any biological community, and are crucial in global biogeochemistry. The most common cooperative interactions seen in microbial systems are mutually beneficial. The interactions between the two populations are classified according to whether both populations and one of them benefit from the associationship, or one or both populations are negatively affected. There are many sorts of symbiotic relationship such as mutualism, parasitism, amensalism, commensalism and competition, predation, protocooperation between the organisms. Mutualism and parasitism have been most extensively studied in microbial relationships.


Plant-associated microorganisms fulfill important functions for plant growth and health. Direct plant growth promotion by microbes is based on improved nutrient acquisition and hormonal stimulation. Diverse mechanisms are involved in the suppression of plant pathogens, which is often indirectly connected with plant growth. Whereas members of the bacterial genera Azospirillum and Rhizobiumare well-studied examples for plant growth promotion, BacillusPseudomonasSerratia,Stenotrophomonas, and Streptomyces and the fungal genera AmpelomycesConiothyrium, andTrichoderma are model organisms to demonstrate influence on plant health.

  • Mutualism
  • Parasitism
  • Plant microbe interactions promoting plant growth
  • Commensalism
  • Pathogenic Host-Microbial Interactions
  • Interactions between diverse microbial populations.
  • Amensalism
  • Beneficial Host-Microbial Interactions
  • Microbial Symbiosis
  • Principles of microbial interaction

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