Microbial Enzymes, Metabolites and Natural Products

Microbial enzymes play a crucial role in industries and medicine. Several commercial enzymes such as amylases, invertase, glucose oxidases and proteases are produced by bacteria and fungi. These microbial enzymes replaced the whole organism. For instance, in textile desizing malt or pancreatin has been replaced by bacterial amylase.

Metabolomics is the examination of endogenous and exogenous low nuclear mass metabolites within a cell, tissue, or bio fluid of a living thing in light of an external stressor. Plant Metabolomics is to consider the plant structure at the sub-nuclear level giving complete portrayal of metabolome of plants under specific conditions. Utilizing Metabolomics, a superior comprehension of the relationship amongst qualities and the biochemical piece of a plant tissue because of its condition can be acquired, and this data can be additionally used to evaluate quality capacity.

Natural products (secondary metabolites) have been the most successful source of leads for potential drug discovery. Natural products have been well documented for their medicinal uses for thousands of years. Plants have evolved and adapted over millions of years to withstand bacteria, insects, fungi and weather to produce unique, structurally diverse secondary metabolites. Their ethno pharmacological properties have been used as a primary source of medicines for early drug discovery. Macro and micro fungi have been part of human life for thousands of years. They were used as food (mushrooms), in preparation of alcoholic beverages (yeasts), medication in traditional medicine and for cultural purposes.

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