Mineralogy and Petralogy

Mineralogy is a study of geology specialization in the scientific study of chemistry, crystal structure and physical properties of minerals and mineralized artifacts. Specific studies within mineralogy include the process of mineral origin and formation, optical mineralogy, crystal structure, biomineralogy, their geographical distribution, as well as their utilization. As petralogy is the branch of geology. Petrology utilizes the fields of mineralogy, petrography, optical mineralogy, and chemical analysis to describe the composition and texture of rocks. Petrologists also include the principles of geochemistry and geophysics through the study of geochemical trends and cycles and the use of thermodynamic data and experiments to better understand the origins of rocks and coals.

  • Biomineralogy
  • Mineral chemistry
  • Crystal chemistry
  • Optical mineralogy
  • Sedimentary petrology
  • Petrology of coal
  • Metamorphic petralogy
  • Igneous petralogy

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