Modes of Transmission of Infectious Diseases
An easy way to catch most infectious diseases is by coming in contact with a person or animal who has the infection. Three ways infectious diseases can be spread through direct contact are:
· Person to person. A common way for infectious diseases to spread is through the direct transfer of bacteria, viruses or other germs from one person to another. This can occur when an individual with the bacterium or virus touches, kisses, or coughs or sneezes on someone who isn't infected.
These germs can also spread through the exchange of body fluids from sexual contact. The person who passes the germ may have no symptoms of the disease, but may simply be a carrier.
· Animal to person. Being bitten or scratched by an infected animal — even a pet — can make you sick and, in extreme circumstances, can be fatal. Handling animal waste can be hazardous, too. For example, you can acquire a toxoplasmosis infection by scooping your cat's litter box.
· Mother to unborn child. A pregnant woman may pass germs that cause infectious diseases to her unborn baby. Some germs can pass through the placenta. Germs in the vagina can be transmitted to the baby during birth.
Disease-causing organisms also can be passed by indirect contact. Many germs can linger on an inanimate object, such as a tabletop, doorknob or faucet handle.When you touch a doorknob handled by someone ill with the flu or a cold, for example, you can pick up the germs he or she left behind. If you then touch your eyes, mouth or nose before washing your hands, you may become infected.
Some germs rely on insect carriers — such as mosquitoes, fleas, lice or ticks — to move from host to host. These carriers are known as vectors. Mosquitoes can carry the malaria parasite or West Nile virus, and deer ticks may carry the bacterium that causes Lyme disease.
Another way disease-causing germs can infect you is through contaminated food and water. This mechanism of transmission allows germs to be spread to many people through a single source. E. coli, for example, is a bacterium present in or on certain foods — such as undercooked hamburger or unpasteurized fruit juice.
Related Conference of Modes of Transmission of Infectious Diseases
Modes of Transmission of Infectious Diseases Conference Speakers
- Fungal Infectious Diseases
- Multi-pathogen Infections
- Nano biotechnology In Virotherapy
- Anatomical Pathology
- Anti Viral Agents and Treatments
- Bacterial Infectious Diseases
- Biology of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
- Causes and Symptoms of Infectious Diseases
- Clinical Course of Viral Infections
- Clinical Infectious Diseases
- Clinical Virology
- Current Trends in Antibiotic Resistance in Infectious Diseases
- Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases
- Diagnostic Virology & Molecular Analysis
- General Virology
- Global Trends in Emerging Infectious Diseases
- Hemorrhagic Fever
- Infectious Diseases
- Marine virology
- Modes of Transmission of Infectious Diseases
- New Innovations in Viral Infections
- Novel Research in Clinical Virology
- Parasitic Infectious Diseases
- Pediatric Infectious Diseases
- Plant Virology
- Preventing Infectious Diseases
- Respiratory Tract Infectious Diseases
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Infections
- Symptoms of Infectious Diseases
- Tumor Virology
- Urinary Tract Infections
- Vaccines: Advancements
- Veterinary Virology
- Viral Hepatitis
- Viral Infections of Oral Cavity
- Viral Infectious Diseases
- Viral Pathogenesis and Prevention
- Viral Pathogenesis, Virulence & Latency