Modes of Transmission of Infectious Diseases

Direct contact

An easy way to catch most infectious diseases is by coming in contact with a person or animal who has the infection. Three ways infectious diseases can be spread through direct contact are:

·         Person to person. A common way for infectious diseases to spread is through the direct transfer of bacteria, viruses or other germs from one person to another. This can occur when an individual with the bacterium or virus touches, kisses, or coughs or sneezes on someone who isn't infected.

These germs can also spread through the exchange of body fluids from sexual contact. The person who passes the germ may have no symptoms of the disease, but may simply be a carrier.

·         Animal to person. Being bitten or scratched by an infected animal — even a pet — can make you sick and, in extreme circumstances, can be fatal. Handling animal waste can be hazardous, too. For example, you can acquire a toxoplasmosis infection by scooping your cat's litter box.

·         Mother to unborn child. A pregnant woman may pass germs that cause infectious diseases to her unborn baby. Some germs can pass through the placenta. Germs in the vagina can be transmitted to the baby during birth.

 

Indirect contact

Disease-causing organisms also can be passed by indirect contact. Many germs can linger on an inanimate object, such as a tabletop, doorknob or faucet handle.When you touch a doorknob handled by someone ill with the flu or a cold, for example, you can pick up the germs he or she left behind. If you then touch your eyes, mouth or nose before washing your hands, you may become infected.

Insect bites

Some germs rely on insect carriers — such as mosquitoes, fleas, lice or ticks — to move from host to host. These carriers are known as vectors. Mosquitoes can carry the malaria parasite or West Nile virus, and deer ticks may carry the bacterium that causes Lyme disease.

Food Contamination

Another way disease-causing germs can infect you is through contaminated food and water. This mechanism of transmission allows germs to be spread to many people through a single source.  E. coli, for example, is a bacterium present in or on certain foods — such as undercooked hamburger or unpasteurized fruit juice.

    Related Conference of Modes of Transmission of Infectious Diseases

    April 10-11, 2020

    Polymer Catalysis 2020

    Valencia, Japan
    May 10-11, 2020

    Biostatistics Meet 2020

    Rome, Brazil
    June 09-10, 2020

    4th International Conference on Medical & Clinical Microbiology

    Singapore City, Singapore
    June 15-16, 2020

    49th World Congress on Microbiology

    London, UK
    June 15-16, 2020

    Cell Tissue Science 2020

    Valencia, Spain
    June 24-25, 2020

    12th International Virology Summit

    Rome, Italy
    July 27-28, 2020

    28th World Summit on Genetics and Genomics

    Madrid, Spain
    August 26-27, 2020

    13thAnnual Meet on Bacteriology & Applied Microbiology

    Singapore City, Singapore
    August 27-28, 2020

    25th World Congress on Biotechnology

    Amsterdam, Netherlands
    September 02-03, 2020

    5th International Conference on Bacteriology

    Barcelona, Spain
    September 17-18, 2020

    3rd World Congress on Virology and Diseases Control

    Vienna, Austria
    September 18-19, 2020

    2nd International Conference on Cell Metabolism

    Dubai, UAE
    September 21-22, 2020

    12th Global Summit on Immunology and Cell Biology

    Valencia, Spain
    September 25-26, 2020

    Annual Congress on Clinical Microbiology and Yeast Congress

    Vancouver, Canada
    September 28-29, 2020

    8th World Congress and Expo on Applied Microbiology

    Barcelona, Spain
    October 06-07, 2020

    6th World Summit on Dental Health and Oral Hygiene

    Milan, Italy
    November 11-12, 2020

    International Conference on Applied Microbiology

    Tokyo, Japan
    November 11-12, 2020

    International Conference on Microbiology

    Tokyo, Japan
    November 25-26, 2020

    5th World Conference on Applied Microbiology and Beneficial Microbes

    Singapore City, Singapore
    December 03-04, 2020

    3rd World Pediatric Infectious Disease Congress

    Singapore City, Singapore
    December 07-08, 2020

    International Conference on Molecular Microbiology

    Dubai, UAE

    Modes of Transmission of Infectious Diseases Conference Speakers