Mucositis

Mucositis occurs when cancer treatments break down rapidly and divided epithelial cells lining into the gastro-intestinal tract (which goes from the mouth to the anus), split-up the mucosal tissue exposed to ulceration and infection. Mucosal tissue or mucous membrane, lines all body passages that interconnect with the air, such as cells and associated glands which secrete mucus, and respiratory and alimentary tracts. Oral mucositis is probably the most common, debilitating complication of cancer treatments, mainly chemotherapy and radiation. The mucous membrane is a soft layer of tissue that insert into the digestive system from the mouth to anus. Mucositis is again divided into two main types, including, Gastrointestinal mucositis which occurs inside the digestive system and repeatedly causes diarrhoea. Oral mucositis which can cause mouth ulcers and pain or difficulty swallowing. Its difficulty swallowing or talking, feeling of dryness, mild burning, or pain when eating food. Whitish patches in the mouth or on the tongue. That will increased mucus or thicker saliva in the mouth.

Sores or ulcerations can become infected by virus, bacteria or fungus. Pain and loss of taste perception makes it more difficult to eat, which leads to weight loss. Ulcers may act as a site for local infection and a portal of entry for oral flora that, in some instances, may cause septicemia (especially in immunosuppressed patients). Approximately half of all patients who receive chemotherapy develop such severe oral mucositis that becomes dose-limiting such that the patient's cancer treatment must be modified, compromising the prognosis.

  • Lichinoid Mucositis
  • Mucositis grading
  • Radiation Mucositis
  • Gastrointestinal Mucositis
  • Chronic Mucositis
  • Oral Mucositis
  • Advanced Treatment in Mucositis
  • Chemotherapy Mucositis

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