Mycology & Phycology

We all heard about the terms, yeast, molds and fungi. these are the eukaryotic microorganisms and with them this study is called Mycology. During classification, Fungi have been given their own separate kingdom. Fungi are multi-faceted which  are distributed entire the world, It can also grow in a large variety of habitats and can survive even the most critical conditions- which include  the intense temperatures both cold & super-hot. Either in the very cold Arctic Oceans, ice glaciers, or places with extreme salt concentrations, or with ionizing radiation they can grow and yes, also the desert and arid areas. Fungi, plays an important role in the organic matter decomposition, nutrient exchange and bio-geo chemical cycling. There are very few fungal species produce toxic bioactive compounds called mycotoxins  are mostly neurotoxins,

mycology was important for it's industrial and antibiotic applications, but in present years, Medical Mycology is gaining more importance. It is the study of disease causing and as well as other medically important fungi with their interactions with the host-cells.

Algae study is called as  Phycology . these are the primary producers in the aquatic ecosystem , are extremely essential in the growth of microorganisms in the water eco-systems. In earlier, they were considered to be true plants, but after serious studies, It is found to be pseudo-plants, hence given a separate classification.  In most cases, algae are single-celled and only few species are multicellular.   phytoplanktons and microalgae are a type of algae, with some species of algae  being large, capable of growing into seaweeds .

  • Phycoplanktons
  • Single - celled algae
  • cycotoxins
  • cohesion hypothesis
  • Systems Biology & Bioinformatics

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