Non pharmacological Tx for Pain

Education and psychological conditioning:-

  • Ask for an explanation of each step of a procedure in detail, utilizing simple pictures or diagrams when available.
  • Meet with the person who will be performing the procedure and write down answers to questions


  • With hypnosis, a psychologist or doctor guides you into an altered state of consciousness.
  • Methods for hypnosis include: Imagery, Distraction, Relaxation/guided imagery
  • Comfort therap

Comfort therapy:-

  • Companionship
  • Exercise
  • Heat/cold application
  • Lotions/massage therapy
  • Meditation
  • Music, art, or drama therapy

Physical and occupational therapy :-

Neurostimulation may involve the following:

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