Noscomial Infections/ Hospital Acquired Infections/ Health Care Associated Infections

Nosocomial infections/ hospital acquired infections/ health care associated infections are the infections that are contracted from the environment or staff of a healthcare facility and they spread in the hospital environment, nursing home environment, rehabilitation facility and clinic or other clinical settings.

Nosocomial infections/ hospital acquired infections/ health care associated infections are the infections acquired in hospitals and other healthcare facilities. To be classified as a nosocomial infections/ hospital acquired infections/ health care associated infections the patient must have been admitted for reasons other than the infection. He or she must also have shown no signs of active or incubating infection. These infections are caused by viral, bacterial, and fungal pathogens and the most common types are bloodstream infection, ventilator associated pneumonia, urinary tract infection and surgical site infection. These infections occur within 48 hours after hospital admission or 3 days after discharge or 30 days after an operation or in a healthcare facility when a patient was admitted for reasons other than the infection.

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