Nutrition and Functional Foods

Food is one of the basic necessities to sustain life. However advanced studies on food chemistry and its relationship with human health and diseases have made newer revelations about the importance of specific food contents in keeping a healthy physical and mental status. Functional foods can be considered as the fortified, enhanced or enriched food items that not only meets the basic nutritional needs but also provides resistance or avoids risk of certain disease occurrence. They are even capable of providing therapeutic benefits when encountered with certain diseases. Recent advances have shown that compounds isolated from various plant and animal sources, even marine sources have a strong capability of acting against diseases when used with food after fortification. However, a challenge still lies in this perspective. It is a modification of diet and is not enough always to inhibit diseases alone. One must remember that the ways of life and other factors also contribute majorly along with the effects of functional food.

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