Obesity- Dietary therapy

The optimal management of overweight and obesity requires a combination of diet, exercise, and behavioural modification. In addition, some patients eventually require pharmacologic therapy or bariatric surgery. The risk of overweight to the subject should be evaluated before beginning any treatment program. In patients with obesity, low-fat diets seem to result in a weight loss of 3–4 kg at 3 years, but long-term data are limited.

Calorie-controlled diets seem to outperform low-fat diets with reported weight losses of 6–7 kg at 4 years, but, again, data are very limited; an initial very-low-calorie diet approach does not lead to greater weight loss than low-fat diets in the long term. Use of meal replacements can lead to an 8 kg weight loss at 4 years, but this finding has been reported only in one, uncontrolled study.

  • Dining Out - General Tips for Healthy Dining Out
  • Fat-Free Versus Regular—Calorie Comparisons
  • Low-Calorie, Lower-Fat Alternatives
  • Physical activity and obesity
  • Inflammatory, immune diseases & immune-boosting

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