Oral Radiology/Anesthesiology/Surgery/Microbiology

Oral radiology, also known as dental and maxillofacial radiology, is that area of dentistry concerned with enactment and elucidation of diagnostic imaging used for examining the craniofacial, dental and adjacent structures. Dental anesthesia is a arena of anesthesia that comprises not only local anesthetics but sedation and general anesthesia. The most commonly used local anesthetic is, a modern replacement for procaine. Other local anesthetic agents in current use include articaine bupivacaine, Prilocaine and mepivacaine. Also, most agents come in two forms: with and without epinephrine (adrenaline) or other vasoconstrictor that allow the agent to last longer and also controls bleeding in the tissue during procedures.

Oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS or OMFS) specifies in treating many diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region. It is an internationally recognized surgical specialty. In countries such as the UK, Australia, New Zealand and most of Europe, it is recognized as both a specialty of medicine and dentistry, and a dual degree in medicine and dentistry is compulsory. In other countries including the United States, India, Canada, Brazil, and Sweden, it is a recognized specialty of dentistry. Oral microbiology is the study of the microorganisms (microbiota) of the oral cavity and their interactions between oral microorganisms or with the host. Resident microbes of the mouth adhere to the teeth and gums to resist mechanical flushing from the mouth to stomach where acid-sensitive microbes are destroyed by hydrochloric acid. Bacterial adhesion is particularly important for oral bacteria.

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