Pathophysiology: Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Endocrine disorders can be classified according to the intensity of hormonal activity and according to the origin of endocrine disorder. From the intensity of hormonal activity of endocrine gland, we can distinguish Hyperfunction of endocrine gland, which is characterized by increased secretion of its hormone as well as by increased concentration of this hormone in circulating blood. Hypofunction of endocrine gland, which is characterized by decreased secretion of its hormone as well as by decreased concentration of this hormone in circulating blood. If endocrine gland produces several kinds of hormones the symptoms resulting from hyper production or hypoproduction of more kinds of hormones may develop, respectively, at the same time the symptoms of hyperfunction resulting from overproduction of one kind of hormones and the symptoms of hypofunction due to a deficiency of other kinds of hormones can develop. EU function of endocrine gland, which is in the time of medical examination characterized by normal secretion of its hormone as well as by normal concentration of this hormone (these hormones)in circulating blood. Endocrine disease results when a gland produces too much or too little of an endocrine hormone called as a hormone imbalance.

Role of the endocrine system in vital activity of the organism

Etiology of endocrine disorders

Pathogenesis of endocrine disorders

Disorders of endocrine gland regulation

Role of mechanisms feedback bond in endocrine disturbances

Disorders of transport, reception and hormones metabolism

Disorders of endocrine functions, connected with disturbances of the interaction of hormones with peripheral cells

Disorder of endocrine functions, connected with disturbances of hormones metabolism

Role of the pituitary gland in peripheral endocrine gland function

Hyperfunction of adenohypophysis (hyperpituitarism)

Hyperfunction of neurohypophysis

Hypofunction of neurohypophysis

Disorders of adrenal gland function

Insufficiency of the adrenal cortex

The increase of adrenals cortex function

Adrenogenital  syndrome

Disorders of adrenal medulla function

 

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