Pharmacogenomics and Precision Medicine

Precision medicine is an approach to patient care that allows doctors to select treatments that are most likely to help patients based on a genetic understanding of their disease. This may also be called personalized medicine. According to the Precision Medicine Initiative, precision medicine is "an emerging approach for disease treatment and prevention that takes into account individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle for each person." This approach will allow doctors and researchers to predict more accurately which treatment and prevention strategies for a particular disease will work in which groups of people. Pharmacogenomics is part of precision medicine. Although genomic testing is still a relatively new development in drug treatment, this field is rapidly expanding. Pharmacogenomics is the study of how a person's unique genetic makeup (genome) influences his or her response to medications.

 

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