Photosynthesis

Photosynthetic cells contain unique pigments that absorb light energy. Different pigments respond to different wavelengths of visible light. Chlorophyll, the dominant pigment used in photosynthesis, reflects green light and absorbs red and blue light most sharply. In plants, photosynthesis takes place in chloroplasts, which contain the chlorophyll. Chloroplasts are surrounded by a 2 membrane and contain a third inner membrane, called the thylakoid membrane, which forms long folds within the organelle. In electron micrographs, thylakoid membranes look like stacks of coins, although the chamber they form are joined like a maze of chambers. The green pigment chlorophyll is located inside the thylakoid membrane, and the space between the thylakoid and the chloroplast membranes is called the stroma

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