Pituitary Disorders and Pituitary Tumors

The most frequent type of pituitary disorder is a pituitary gland tumor. These tumors are fairly common in adults. They are not brain tumors and are almost always benign. Not all pituitary tumors cause symptoms. Pituitary tumors that make hormones can cause a variety of signs and symptoms depending on the hormone they produce. The signs and symptoms of pituitary tumors that don't make hormones are related to their growth and the pressure they put on other structures.

The pituitary is the "master control gland" - it makes hormones that affect growth and the functions of other glands in the body. With pituitary disorders, you often have too much or too little of one of your hormones. Injuries can cause pituitary disorders, but the most common cause is a pituitary tumor. Pituitary gland disorders can affect many different parts of the body.  Conditions such as acromegaly, Cushing's syndrome, hypothyroidism, and hypogonadism all may result from pituitary gland disease.

The pituitary gland is known as the master gland of the body which produces hormones throughout the body. It is a tiny organ which is of pea shaped and small in size which is found at the base of the brain. The overproduction or the underproduction of the hormones results in the pituitary gland disorders due to the hormonal imbalance. These can effect any part of the body resulting in acromegaly or cushing syndrome etc. pituitary tumors are also known as pituitary adenomas that occur in the pituitary gland. The tumors are divided into benign and malignant. The signs and symptoms of the pituitary gland tumors include headaches, vision problems, changes in menstrual cycles in women, infertility, inappropriate production of breast milk, acromegaly, cushing syndrome, mood swings, tiredness and giddiness and irritability

  • Hypopituitarism
  • Secretory and non-secretory tumors
  • Hypersecretion and hyposecretion
  • Pituitary adenomas
  • Adrenocorticotropic hormone-secreting (ACTH) tumors
  • Growth hormone-secreting tumors
  • Prolactin-secreting tumors
  • Thyroid-stimulating hormone-secreting tumors
  • Pituitary insufficiency
  • Pituitary apoplexy
  • Case reports

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