Pollution Analysis

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment discusses technical developments and data arising from environmental monitoring and assessment, principles in the design of monitoring systems, and the use of monitoring data in assessing the consequences of natural resource management and pollution risks.

Pollution Analysis can provide an important aid in the choice of the strategy to control the level of some hazardous elements. The difficulties in detecting polluting sources from experimental data are related not only to the adoption of suitable and systematic measuring procedure, but also to a correct management of the available information. From the theoretical point of view, the use of simplified models, coupled with classical regularization techniques, shows that, in general, the problem is badly posed and consequently, numerically ill-conditioned. Hence the possibility of using expert systems algorithms, introducing further qualitative information, improves the reliability of the solutions.

The problem is first solved using traditional procedures, showing that the distributed sources are not recognized. Afterwards, different results obtained from various algorithms derived from the assumed a-priori knowledge are examined. In this case, it is possible to obtain a more realistic situation of the pollution sources, inside the boundaries of the controlled area.

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