Prenatal, Neonatal and Pediatric Nutrition

Prenatal nutrition addresses nutrient recommendations before and during pregnancy. Prenatal nutrition has a strong influence on birth weight and further development of the infant. Neonatal nutrition involves the dietary needs of newborns and infants. Infant formula is available for babies whose mothers are unable to breastfeed. Breast milk contains antibodies that help the baby fight off viruses and bacteria. Breastfeeding lowers the baby's risk of having asthma or allergies. Babies who are breastfed exclusively for the first 6 months, without any formula, have fewer ear infections, respiratory illnesses, and bouts of diarrhoea. Maternal food uptake /maternal nutrition are vital during pregnancy and health of the offspring. Failure in supplying the adequate amount of nutrients to meet fetal demand can lead to fetal malnutrition. Essential fatty acids (ARA and DHA) are essential because it supports the brain, eye and nervous system development in the womb and during the first few years of life. Paediatric malnutrition encompasses both over-nutrition, associated with overweight and obesity and under nutrition, referring to multiple conditions including acute and chronic malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies. Pediatric counterbalance diet ensures the uptake of food in the right proportions. Pediatric Food allergies  occur when the body's immune system overreacts to certain foods. Any food could cause a food allergy, but most of the food allergies are caused by Eggs, Peanuts, Soy, and Wheat etc. Eating disorders are caused by abnormal eating habits that negatively affect a person's physical or mental health. These includes binge eating which is a pattern of disordered eating which consists of episodes uncontrollable eating and anorexia nervosa where people eat very little and thus have a low body weight. Meal composition and variability also plays a major role in Nutrient deficiency disorders and chronic disease etc.

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