Radio chemical Separation

Radiochemical separation methods include precipitation, solvent extraction, distillation, ion exchange, and chromatography. Since radioelements are often present in very low chemical concentrations, effects such as sorption on surfaces, anomalies in solvent extraction, etc., must be guarded against. These effects may be eliminated by the addition of an acid, a complexing agent, or a carrier to a radioelement solution. A carrier is a material chemically similar to, or identical with, a given radionuclide. An isotopic carrier is the ordinary stable element with which the radioactive species are isotopic.

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