Renewable Energy Systems and Sources (RESS)
Sustainable Energy or Green Energy is derived from non-conventional energy which is continuously replenished by natural processes. Various forms of renewable energy include solar energy, wind energy, hydro energy, geothermal energy, wave and tidal energy. Based on REN21's 2014 report, renewables contributed 19 percent to our energy consumption and 22 percent to our electricity generation in 2012 and 2013, respectively. Modern renewables, such as hydro, wind, solar and biofuels, as well as traditional biomass, contributed in about equal parts to the global energy supply. Worldwide investments in renewable technologies amounted to more than US$214 billion in 2013, with countries like China and the United States heavily investing in wind, hydro, solar and biofuels. Solar energy can be utilized as solar thermal energy or solar electric. Renewable Energy Systems utilize solar energy for heating (water and air), cooking etc. and generation of power. From 2004 to 2014, worldwide installed capacity of Wind power has been growing from 47 GW to 369 GW—a more than sevenfold increase within 10 years. The other aspects discussed include wind electric generators, wind potential and evaluation of wind mill performance. Applications include: Utility interconnected wind turbines generate power which is synchronous with the grid and that for remote homes (off the grid) generate DC current for battery charging. Tidal electricity generation involves the construction of a barrage across an estuary to block the incoming and outgoing tide. Ocean energy draws on the energy of ocean waves, tides, or on the thermal energy (heat) stored in the ocean. The sun warms the surface water a lot more than the deep ocean water, and this temperature difference stores thermal energy. Geothermal energy is thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth. Geothermal power is cost effective, reliable, sustainable, and environmentally friendly especially for applications such as home heating, opening a potential for widespread exploitation.
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- Solar Energy
- Wind Power
- Hydro Power
- Geothermal Energy
- Wave Energy
- Tidal Energy
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Renewable Energy Systems and Sources (RESS) Conference Speakers