Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics

Restorative dentistry deals with diagnosing and managing the diseases of teeth, its supporting structures and the healing of the dentition to practical and inventive requirements of the individual. It encompasses the dental specialities of endodontics, periodontics, prosthodontics and its foundation is based upon how these interact in cases where composite care is needed.  In addition, it not only derived from diseases of the teeth like cavities and medical conditions but also from trauma. Traumatic injuries to anterior (front) teeth are frequently encountered in children and adults. The level of the trauma will notify what restorative treatment is needed and could involve one or more of the dental specialties listed above. The ultimate outcome of dental cavities is resolved by the balance between pathological factors that leads to demineralization and protective factors that leads to remineralization.

Endodontics is the specialty of dentistry concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of the dental pulp along with associated periradicular conditions. The main purpose of endodontic treatment is to remove the diseased pulp, clean and shape the root canal system, disinfect the contaminated root canals, and then fill the root canal system to block re-infection and stimulate periradicular healing. The major reason behind dental pulp problems is related to bacterial infection of the root canals which in turn reducing the bacterial load within the root canal system.

 

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