Sepsis/ Septicaemia

Sepsis/ septicaemia is a life threatening condition that arises when the body's response to infection injures its own tissues and organs and the signs and symptoms of sepsis include fever, increased heart rate, increased breathing rate, confusion, cough with pneumonia and painful urination with a kidney infection. Severe sepsis causes poor organ function or insufficient blood flow. Insufficient blood flow may be evident by low blood pressure, high blood lactate and low urine output. Septic shock means the low blood pressure which occurs due to sepsis that does not improve even after injecting reasonable amounts of intravenous fluids.

Sepsis/ septicaemia mean a serious medical condition caused by an overwhelming immune response to infection. Chemicals released into the blood to fight infection trigger widespread inflammation. Inflammation may result in organ damage. Blood clotting during sepsis reduces blood flow to limbs and internal organs depriving them of nutrients and oxygen. In severe cases one or more organs may fail. In the worst cases infection leads to a life threatening drop in blood pressure called septic shock. This can quickly lead to the failure of several organs like lungs, kidneys and liver finally causes death. The term sepsis is often used interchangeably with septicaemia means a serious life threatening infection that gets worse very quickly and is often fatal.

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