STDS, STIS and HIV/ AIDS Prevention and Control

Sexually transmitted diseases/ sexually transmitted infections are the infections which are transmitted through sexual contact with an infected individual and also transmitted during vaginal or other types of sexual intercourse including oral and anal sex. Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Sexually transmitted diseases/ sexually transmitted infections are the infections that are passed from one person to another through sexual contact. The causes of STDs are bacteria, parasites, yeast, and viruses. There are more than 20 types of STDs including chlamydia, genital herpes, gonorrhea, hiv/ aids, hpv, syphilis, trichomoniasis. Most STDs affect both men and women but in many cases the health problems they cause can be more severe for women. If a pregnant woman has an STD it can cause serious health problems for the baby. Antibiotics can treat STDs caused by bacteria, yeast or parasites. There is no cure for STDs caused by a virus but medicines can often help with the symptoms and keep the disease under control. Correct usage of latex condoms greatly reduces but does not completely eliminate the risk of catching or spreading STDs. Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

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