Stem Cells & Types

Stem cells: An undifferentiated cell of a multicellular organism which is capable of giving rise to indefinitely more cells of the same type, and from which certain other kinds of cell arise by differentiation. Stem cells have the ability to differentiate into specific cell types. The two defining characteristics of a stem cell are perpetual self-renewal and the ability to differentiate into a specialized adult cell type. There are two major classes of stem cells: pluripotent that can become any cell in the adult body, and multipotent that are restricted to becoming a more limited population of cells.

 

 

  • Embryonic stem cells
  • Non-embryonic (adult) stem cells
  • Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs)
  • Cord blood stem cells and amniotic fluid stem cells
  • Tissue Stem Cells

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