Stress and Coping
Stress can be a factor in a variety of physical and emotional disability, which should be professionally treated. Many stress symptoms are mild and can be managed with over-the-counter medications (for example, aspirin, acetaminophen, or ibuprofen for tension headaches; antacids, anti-diarrhea medications, or laxatives for mild stomach distress). A physician should be consulted, however, for physical symptoms that are out of the ordinary, particularly those that get worse or wake a person up at night. A mental health professional should be consulted for unmanageable acute stress or for severe anxiety and depression. Often short-term therapy can resolve stress-related emotional problems.
The Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) and other assessment tools are available to help identify aspects of stress such as difficulty relaxing, nervous arousal and being agitated/irritable, and determine whether depression and/or anxiety are present as well. The DASS is available to the public online.
- Strategies- Young and older adults
- Transactional model
- Critical incident stress debriefing
- Allopathic- Cognitive behavioural therapy
- Herbal medication
- Gender differences
- Biofeedback, exercise, acupuncture and massage therapy
- Guided imaginary and music therapy
- Organisational strategies