Types of Oncology/Stages of Cancer

Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. Different cancers affecting different parts of the body e.g. breast, prostate, lungs, blood cells (leukemia) or other organs behave in different manner are of different grades and cellular type, respond differently to treatment and have different set of effective treatment regimen. An oncologist is a doctor who treats cancer. Within oncology there are several sub-specialties that deal with different types of cancer.

  1. Bladder Cancer:

Bladder cancer is one of the most common cancers, affecting approximately 68,000 adults in the United States each year. Bladder cancer occurs in men more frequently than it does in women and usually affects older adults, though it can happen at any age.

  1. BREAST CANCER:

 Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue. Signs of breast cancer may include a lump in the breast, a change in breast shape, dimpling of the skin, and fluid coming from the nipple, a newly inverted nipple, or a red or scaly patch of skin.

3. COLORECTAL CANCER: Colorectal cancer, also known as bowel cancer, colon cancer, or rectal cancer, is any cancer that affects the colon and the rectum.

4. Kidney cancer -- also called renal cancer -- is a disease in which kidney cells become malignant (cancerous) and grows out of control, forming a tumor. Almost all kidney cancers first appear in the lining of tiny tubes (tubules) in the kidney. This type of kidney cancer is called renal cell carcinoma

5.Lung cancer: also known as lung carcinoma is a malignant lung tumor characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. This growth can spread beyond the lung by the process of metastasis into nearby tissue or other parts of the body.

6. Lymphoma: is a group of blood cancers that develop from lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell) the name often refers to just the cancerous versions rather than all such tumors.

Cancer Staging

Staging is the process of judgment out how much cancer is in a person’s body and where it’s positioned. It’s how the doctor determines the stage of a person’s cancer. For most types of cancer, doctors use staging info to help plan treatment and to predict a person’s outlook. Although each person’s situation is dissimilar, cancers with the same stage tend to have similar outlooks and are often treated the same way. The cancer phase is also a way for doctors to describe the extent of the cancer when they talk with each other about a person’s cancer.

They are different types of Staging like Clinical Staging, Pathologic Staging and Post Therapy Staging determines how abundant cancer remains after a patient is first treated with systemic and radiation treatment prior to their surgery or where no operation is performed. This can be evaluated by clinical staging guidelines and pathologic staging guidelines.

 

Medical Oncology

Alternative cancer treatments may not play a direct role in curing the cancer, but they may help in coping up with the signs and symptoms caused by cancer and cancer treatments. CAM (Complementary and Alternative Medicine) is the term for medical products and practices that are not part of standard care. Integrating the best of evidence-based complementary and alternative cancer treatments with the treatments you receive from your doctor may help relieve many of the symptoms associated with cancer and its treatment.

 

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