Solid waste is defined as waste that is generated by businesses from an industrial or manufacturing process or waste generated from non-manufacturing activities that are managed as a separate waste stream. Toxic waste, chemical waste, industrial solid waste and municipal solid waste are designations of solid waste.
The wastes may be found in different physical states such as gaseous, liquids, or solids. A hazardous waste is a special type of waste because it cannot be disposed of by common means like other by-products of our everyday lives.
Depending on the physical state of the waste, treatment and solidification processes might be required. They can be the by-products of manufacturing processes. There are various techniques to control the hazardous waste. It can be treated by chemical, thermal, biological, and physical methods. Some hazardous wastes were disposed of in regular landfills. This resulted in unfavourable amounts of hazardous materials seeping into the ground. These chemicals eventually entered natural hydrologic systems. Many landfills now require countermeasures against groundwater contamination.
Semisolid or solid matters that are created by human or animal activities, and which are disposed because they are hazardous or useless are known as solid waste. Generally, waste could be liquid or solid waste. Both of them could be hazardous. Liquid and solid waste types can also be grouped into organic, re-usable and recyclable waste.
- Classification, generation rate and composition of solid wastes
- Functional elements of solid waste management Program
- Hazardous solid wastes management
- Techniques to reduce hazardous waste quantities
- Regulations governing solid and hazardous wastes
Related Conference of Waste Disposal
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