|Childhood obesity may begin much earlier in the life-course than previously believed. Rapid growth in infancy (birth to age 2) is associated with a greater risk of later life obesity; subsequently, overweight school age children frequently become overweight adolescents and, in turn, overweight adults. Once obesity appears, obesity tends to remain throughout life; thus, early detection and control is critical to stop the obesity epidemic.
Different reference standards are available to measure pediatric obesity; most are defined by a specific score (i.e. centile, or percentage) which is then compared to a growth threshold limit indicating weight status. The commonly used reference standards to determine pediatric obesity classifications are: Centers for Disease Control (CDC) weight-for-length growth charts, World Health Organization (WHO) Body Mass Index charts, and the UK90 BMI reference centile curves.
Using Process Control to Measure Pediatric Obesity: Lisaann S Gittner, Ludington-Hoe2 and Haller