Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. Symptoms include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior, and hyperactivity (over-activity).Scientists are not sure what causes ADHD, although many studies suggest that genes play a large role.In addition to genetics, researchers are looking at possible environmental factors, and are studying how brain injuries, nutrition, and the social environment might contribute to ADHD.
The estimated prevalence of ADHD among adolescents in the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 is 8.5% with a male/female ratio of 5.7:1. The distribution of ADHD subtypes among the ADHD adolescents is 28% Combined, 64% Inattentive, and 8% Hyperactive-Impulsive. A lifetime diagnosis of a broadly defined ADHD (probable or definite) had a prevalence of 18.2% with a male/female odds ratio (OR) of 3.2. This lifetime diagnosis of ADHD is significantly associated with anxiety (OR 2.4), mood (OR 2.9), and disruptive behavioral disorders (OR 17.3) in the cohort.
When their child is diagnosed with ADHD, parents often have concerns about deciding the best way to help their child. It is important for parents to remember that ADHD can be successfully managed.so parents should work closely with everyone involved in the child's life—healthcare providers, therapists, teachers, coaches, and other family members. Taking advantage of all the resources available will help parents guide their child towards success.Behavior therapy, including parent training,Medications,School accommodations and interventions.