It is the inflammatory disease of the middle ear. There are main two types acute otitis media and otitis media with effusiojn . Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is middle ear inflammation of greater than two weeks that results in episodes of discharge from the ear. It may be a complication otitis media. OME is associated with a feeling of fullness is described.
Otitis media is a generic term defined as an inflammation of the middle ear without reference to a specific etiology or pathogenesis. Otitis media with effusion (OME) is characterized by a nonpurulent effusion of the middle ear that may be either mucoid or serous. In children, hearing loss is generally mild and is often detected only with an audiogram. otitis media with effusion caused by transudate formation as a result of a rapid decrease in middle ear pressure relative to the atmospheric pressure. The fluid in this case is watery and clear.
Treatment based on the age and symptoms of the child. For 6-23 months of age treatment given with antibiotics in case of severe illness. If ≥2 years antibiotics are given if non-severe illness condition only. Amoxicillin is preferred as first line drug , this usually preferred for 10 days. If not respond to this drug within 72 hours then used to prefer antibiotics.
12.8 million episodes of otitis media occurred in children younger than 5 years. Of children younger than 2 years, 17% had recurrent disease. 3.84 million episodes of otitis media with effusion occurred. of these, 1.28 million episodes persisted at least 3 months.