Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans. The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.
The Ebola virus causes an acute, serious illness which is often fatal if untreated. Ebola virus disease (EVD) first appeared in 1976 in 2 simultaneous outbreaks, one in Nzara, Sudan, and the other in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of Congo. Mexico’s General Law on Health provides that certain communicable diseases listed in the law (such as epidemic influenza, viral hepatitis, and AIDS), as well as diseases classified as serious threats by the GHC (such as the Ebola virus, as explained in Part V of this report), are subject to prevention and control measures executed by the DOH and state governments in their respective jurisdictions, with support from other federal government agencies and private health institutions and individuals.