The term heart disease is often interchanged with the term cardiovascular disease. It generally refers to the conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. By controlling high blood pressure, quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet and by maintaining low cholesterol levels heart diseases can be prevented.
Diagnosis and symptoms include cardiac catherization, cardiac MRI, picturing the heart, a CT scan, a coronary angiography, stress testing, echocardiography, nuclear heart scan, etc. Treatment for heart valve problems include medications, heart valve surgery and for heart attack medications like clot busters should be administered as soon as possible, coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
Since the early 1970s, Finland has reduced its incidence of heart attacks and strokes by 75 to 80%. Lung cancer has dropped nearly 60%. Cholesterol levels have fallen on average 18%. And over the last 30 years, the country has reduced salt consumption by one-third, accompanied by large decreases in rates of hypertension. All-cause mortality has fallen 45%. Today, men in Finland live approximately seven years longer; women, six years longer.