Hypoparathyroidism is an uncommon disorder in which the body secretes abnormally low levels of parathyroid hormone. Hypoparathyroidism, thus, leads to abnormally low ionized calcium levels in your blood and bones and to an increase of serum phosphorus. The symptoms of hypoparathyroidism include fatigue, tingling in fingertips, toes and lips, muscle cramps, twitching of muscles, patchy hair loss, dry skin, brittle nails, seizures, anxiety.
Hypoparathyroidism is treated with calcium and vitamin D supplements to maintain a normal level of calcium in the blood. Vitamin D is necessary because it helps your body to absorb calcium. Also, episodes of life threatening attacks are treated with calcium given intravenously which provides quick relief of symptoms. When the life-threatening attack has been controlled, treatment continues with medicine taken by mouth.
The physician survey found that 75% of cases treated over the past 12 months were reported due to surgery and, among all thyroidectomies and parathyroidectomies and neck dissections performed in a year, 26% resulted in transient hypoparathyroidism and 5% progressed to a chronic state.