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Narcolepsy

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  • Narcolepsy

    Pathophysiology
    Narcolepsy is a rare, long-term brain disorder that causes a person to suddenly fall asleep at inappropriate times.The brain is unable to regulate sleeping and waking patterns normally, which can result in: 1.excessive daytime sleepiness – feeling very drowsy throughout the day,  2.sleep attacks – falling asleep suddenly and without warning cataplexy 3.sleep paralysis – a temporary inability to move or speak.

  • Narcolepsy

    Statistics
    Patients were much more likely than controls to be diagnosed with mental disorders, personality disorders (3%) and adjustment reaction (4%). Although the cases had twice as many doctor visits as the controls (9.3 +/- 0.97 (sem) vs. 4.8 +/- 0.17 p<0.0001), only 38% of them had received a diagnosis of narcolepsy in the year prior to sleep specialist evaluation. Neurologists had the highest "success rate" for correct diagnosis.

  • Narcolepsy

    Treatment
    Good sleeping habits: avoiding caffeine (found in tea, coffee and some fizzy drinks), alcohol and smoking before going to bed Some over-the-counter (OTC) medications Medication: Stimulants, Sodium oxybate, Antidepressants.  Psychostimulants are more widely prescribed by psychiatrists than indicated in earlier studies and in recommendations for treatment.

 

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