Neonatal physiologic jaundice results from simultaneous occurrence of the following two phenomena : • Bilirubin production is elevated because of increased breakdown of fetal erythrocytes. This is the result of the shortened lifespan of fetal erythrocytes and the higher erythrocyte mass in neonates.A blood transfusion, known as an exchange transfusion, may be recommended if your baby has particularly high levels of bilirubin
Newborn jaundice occurs when a baby has a high level of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is a yellow substance that the body creates when it replaces old red blood cells. The liver helps break down the substance so it can be removed from the body in the stool. A high level of bilirubin makes a baby's skin and whites of the eyes look yellow.